About Brain Injury

A Glossary of Terms



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Intracranial Pressure

Understanding Coma

Rancho Los Amigos Scale/ The Levels of Coma

Objectives of Neurosurgery

A Guide to Brain Anatomy

Gainful Occupation - Includes employment in the competitive labor market, practice of a profession, farm or family work (including work for which payment is "in kind" rather than in cash), sheltered employment, work activity (to the extent that there is net pay), and home industries or other home-bound work. [Click Here To Return To List]

Gait Training - Instruction in walking, with or without equipment; also called "ambulation training." [Click Here To Return To List]

GI Tube - A tube inserted through a surgical opening into the stomach. It is used to introduce liquids, foods, or medication into the stomach when the patient is unable to take these substances by mouth. Also referred to as a PEG Tube. [Click Here To Return To List]

Glasgow Coma Scale - A standard system used to assess the degree of brain impairment and to identify the seriousness of injury in relation to outcome. The system involves three determinants: eye opening, verbal responses and motor response all of which are evaluated independently according to a numerical value that indicates the level of consciousness and degree of dysfunction. Scores run from a high of 15 to a low of 3. Persons are considered to have experienced a "mild" brain injury when their score is 13 to 15. A score of 9 to 12 is considered a reflect a "moderate" brain injury and a score of eight or less reflects a "severe" brain injury. [Click Here To Return To List]

Glasgow Outcome Scale - A system for classifying the outcome of persons who survive. The categories range from "Good Recovery" in which the patient appears to regain the pre-injury level of social and career activity (even if there are some minor residual abnormal neurological signs); "Moderate Disability" in which the patient does not regain the former level of activity but is completely independent with respect to the activities of daily life; "Severe Disability" is defined as a state wherein the conscious, communicating patient is still dependent on the help of others. The original scale had five outcome categories, the newest scale has eight outcome categories. This scale relates to functional independence and not residual deficits. [Click Here To Return To List]




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